Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Tumor immunology is the study of the connection between immune function and tumor cells, which is critical for understanding tumor rejection and progression processes. The immunological systems involved in cancer progression, which include tissue-resident and blood-derived cells, are extremely complicated. Tissue-resident and blood-derived cells, as well as immunological systems implicated in cancer formation, are extremely complicated. To highly immunogenic tumor cells, the human immune system develops an endogenous response.


Immunology is a discipline of medical and biological research that studies the immune system.  When the immune system isn't working properly, it can lead to diseases including autoimmunity, allergies, and cancer. Immune responses are increasingly being shown to have a role in the development of a variety of common ailments that aren't previously thought to be immunologic, such as metabolic, cardiovascular, and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's.


The process of shifting cells, tissues, or organs from one location to another, either inside the same person or between a donor and a recipient, is known as transplantation. An organ system can be replaced with a healthy organ or tissue from a donor if it fails or becomes damaged as a result of disease or injury.Organ transplantation is a serious procedure that is only considered when all other therapeutic options have been exhausted. As a result, it's frequently a life-saving procedure.


To regulate viral and bacterial infection, the immune system has developed a number of strategies, ranging from direct pathogen killing to the production of cytokines that impede reproduction. Pathogens have developed a range of immune evasion methods to evade immune detection of infected cells by inhibiting cytokine activity.


The immune response in autoimmune illness is similar to that seen in infections, with the exception that self antigens are (or become) the adaptive immune system's target. These self antigens may be responsible for a process that is exclusive to a single organ. When our immune system assaults our own tissues, we get autoimmune disease. T-cell receptors and B-cell receptors, like other adaptive immune responses, are focused on specific antigens. In contrast to infection, the antigens recognized by these cells are processed from proteins inside the target organ, resulting in a persistent inflammatory response that affects the tissue's normal function

Companies that offer medical services, produce medical equipment or medications, offer medical insurance, or otherwise enable the delivery of healthcare to patients make up the healthcare industry. Healthcare markets are characterised by a number of important variables from an economic standpoint. Because of some of these economic variables, government engagement in healthcare markets and activities is widespread.


Disturbances induced by a scarcity, disappointment, or distorted activity of the invulnerable framework, or the growth of a harmful tumour inside the safe framework, are considered a safe concern. There are several types of immunodeficiency issues (both mandatory and elective), allergies, and autoimmune infections. Hypersensitivity and fiery diseases are safe issues created by the insusceptible framework's overreaction. The analysis, prediction, and treatment techniques for all changes are enhancing research in the disciplines of medicine and immunology. So yet, the reasons and treatments for a number of those disarrays have not been discovered.


Every immunological segment has its own formation and capacity component routes. Sub-atomic and cell parameters related to these components should also be studied in order to gain a better knowledge of the resistant structure and discover solutions to any safety concerns.A few different go-between, cell types are among the sub-atomic and cell systems that intervene negatively vulnerable aggravation. Excessive touchiness of the safe framework as a result of genetic characteristics or natural components causes sensitivity or unfavourably sensitive diseases.


Diagnostic immunology, also known as immunodiagnostics, is a set of tests and methods used to diagnose hypersensitivity, asthma, and infectious diseases such as AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and type 1 diabetes. Measure units, instruments, and administrations are all part of the sensitivity analysis.Other analytic approaches include histology and immunology examinations, subatomic techniques, and insusceptible framework assessment.


From the standpoint of associate degree medical specialisation, the infant, whether preterm or foetal age, may be a unique host. Many components of the system are less effective in neonates than in adults, leading to the idea of "immunodeficiency of immaturity," or "immunodeficiency of immaturity." The adaptive importance of those changes for newborn survival has yet to be determined.


Immunotoxicology is the study of systemic effects that occur as a result of direct or indirect exposure to chemicals, biologic materials, and, in some cases, physiological variables, collectively referred to as agents, during occupational, environmental, or therapeutic exposure. It includes research on altered immunologic events linked to human and animal species exposure, as well as immunological regulation.


Immunohematology is a field of haematology that examines antigen-antibody responses and comparable phenomena, as well as the pathogenicity of blood diseases and blood cell membrane-bound organelles. Blood type, cross-matching, and antibody detection are all part of immunohematology. The study of RBC antigens and antibodies in relation to blood transfusions is known as immunohematology.


The process of creating and developing vaccinations that include biological agents that are almost identical to disease-causing bacteria in weakened forms, implying that the pathogenicity of the microorganism vaccines is destroyed. A vaccination is a substance that resembles a disease-causing germ and is frequently manufactured from weakened or destroyed microorganisms, their toxins, or one of their surface proteins. The agent induces the body's system to recognise the agent as a threat, eliminate it, and destroy any similar bacteria it may meet in the future.


The best way to prevent hypersensitivity is to avoid allergens. Nutrient allergies such as peanuts, seafood, milk, egg, and soybean should be avoided. Medication allergies, residue, and pet animals may also be avoided to avoid being negatively sensitive. Other anti-inflammatory methods include limiting breast feeding for the first four months of life, including Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Omega-3 polyunsaturated oils, and excellent probiotic microorganisms in the diet, as well as the use of Leukotriene receptor antagonists, steroid sprays, and decongestants.


The host's associated microbiota is the ultimate environmental trigger for development. The gut microbiota and cancer are also connected, according to research.Because of its spatial location and ability to convert environmental and diet-derived compounds before they reach human cells, certain microbial species are found more frequently in cancer tissue than in flanking normal tissue throughout the course of disease, from early cancer growth to metastasisepigenetic processes.


Bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungus, and protozoa are examples of tiny creatures studied in microbiology. It also covers important study on microbe biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution, and clinical aspects, as well as the host response to these agents.



Veterinary immunology is the discipline of immunology that studies all aspects of animals' immune systems. It has a zoological and veterinary science connection. Development of vaccines, understanding the mechanism of the animal immune system, vaccine failure, and the adverse consequences of vaccinations are only a few of the key study topics in this discipline.Veterinary immunology is gaining popularity as the number of pets and farm animals continues to rise rapidly. It aids the agricultural field in a variety of ways by introducing new immunological approaches, as farm animals are susceptible to a variety of infectious illnesses, owing to inadequate sanitation in their surroundings.


The study of how plants defend themselves against diseases and diseases is known as plant immunology. Despite the fact that plants lack adaptive immunity, they have developed an innate immunity system capable of detecting and responding to pathogens. Plants have a two-branched immune system.The common microbial molecules are recognised and responded to by one branch, while the pathogen virulence factor is recognised and responded to by the other.


Viral immunology is the study of how viral invasion affects the host system and how the host system's immune system responds to the viral infection. Both DNA and RNA infections are included in this category. Viruses utilise a variety of tactics to get around the immune system of their hosts. Epithelial barrier and early non-specific immune responses are two innate immune responses to viral infection.Antiviral antibodies, cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and helper T cells are examples of adaptive immune responses to viral infections.


Ocular immunology is an area of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory eye disorders. The patient's vision may be impaired, and in certain situations, these disorders might result in significant video loss. Uveitis, intraocular inflammation, scleritis, and iritis are examples of immunologically mediated illnesses. The eye, on the other hand, is immunologically fortunate because the allograft is accepted by the cornea.An integrated immune system on the ocular surface fights infections. In tears, conjunctiva, and even the cornea, humoral, cellular, adaptive, and innate immunity combine to provide integrated immune protection.


Coronavirus illness is an infectious disease caused by a coronavirus that was recently found. The majority of patients infected with the COVID-19 virus will have mild to moderate respiratory symptoms and can recover without having any specific therapy. People over the age of 65, as well as those with underlying medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or respiratory disease, are at a higher risk of developing serious illness.


Immunopathology is the study of illnesses in which humoral (body fluid) and cellular immunological factors have a role in the pathology of cells, tissues, and the host. Immune responses that are defective or dysfunctional frequently result in sickness or disease. Normally protective antibody or T cell immune systems are hyperactive or produced against self antigens, leading in harm to cells or organs.