Plant immunology is the study that concentrates on how the plants protect themselves from pathogens and infections. Plants lack the adaptive immunity property but have evolved to structure an innate immunity architecture which is strong enough to detect and respond to infections. The innate immune system in plants is two branched. One branch recognizes and responds to the common microbial molecules and the other branch responds to pathogen virulence factor. Pathogen associated molecular patterns are recognized by the pattern recognition receptor of plants. This triggers the plant to antimicrobial compounds and reactive to oxygen species in order to fight the pathogen.
- Disease resistant plant breeding
- Pattern triggered immunity
- Effector triggered immunity
- R genes and r proteins
- Plant signalling mechanism