Andalas University, Indonesia
Title: The effect of immunonutrien intake on severity of pulmonary tuberculosis clinical symptoms
Dr Teda is a general practitioner who has the passion in immunology and infection. She freshly graduate from medical school after completing this research.
Statement of the Problem: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. The severity of pulmonary TB symptoms is affected by the immune status which is strongly influenced by nutrition. Immunonutrient can be defined as the effect of the provision of specific nutrients on immune function. Vitamin D is known to enhance immune response to mycobacteria. In addition, protein products cytokine which help body defense to mycobacteria. The aim of this study was to determine the effect vitamin D and protein intake as the immunonutrient on severity of pulmonary tuberculosis clinical symptoms. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The method of this study is cross sectional study of 52 pulmonary tuberculosis patients. They were interviewed with questionnaire of FFQ. The amount of vitamin D and protein intake is calculated by using the nutrisurvey. Clinical symptoms of TB patients are measured by using Bandim TBScore. Statistical analysis of the two variables is allegedly linked using SPSS. Findings: The average intake of vitamin D is 5.86 mcg/day, SD 5.45 . The average intake of protein is 78,477 gram/day, SD 29,30. The respondents who have degree TBScore I is 92.3% (48 persons), TBScore II is 7.69% (4 persons), TBScore III is 0% (0 persons). The average of TBScore is 2,04 ± 1,89. Conclusion & Significance: Based on the statistical analysis, vitamin D and protein intake are not significantly affect the severity of pulmonary TB clinical symptoms. However, the average intake of TBScore II group is much lower than the intake of TBScore I group.